A closed head injury is an injury to the head that does not penetrate the skull. 1.4 million people experience a traumatic brain injury or TBI in the United States each year. TBI accounts for 50,000 deaths and 235,000 hospitalizations.
Common Causes of Closed Head Injury
Three main causes of Head Trauma:
1. The first common cause is injuries sustained from a traffic accident. If we are involved in a collision, sometimes our head can hit parts of the vehicle as a result from the force. Sometimes even just the harsh shaking of our head can cause brain damage.
2. The second common cause is from a fall down accident. When walking on an icy path or other slippery surface, it is easy to slip and accidentally hit your head on the way down. If the fall is in public, you may feel embarrassed, so you stand up quickly. You may not realize that the hit to your head could cause a concussion or other severe head injury. Serious falls can occur when working on a construction site as well, especially if the fall is from an elevated height.
3. The third common cause is from an assault. Strong blows to the head can lead to several complications after trauma.
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Four Types of Closed Head Injury
Examples of a closed head injury include:
This injury usually temporarily affects normal brain functions including feelings of confusion and difficulty balancing.
2. Brain contusion
This injury is a bruise on the brain tissue due to the head trauma. These can sometimes lead to hemorrhages, or a brain bleed which can cause permanent neurological damage.
3. Anoxic brain injury
This injury occurs when sufficient oxygen levels are not delivered to the brain. If the brain is not receiving enough oxygen for four minutes or more, brain cells begin to die causing a possibly permanent anoxic brain injury. Another term for this injury is cerebral hypoxia.
4. Intracranial Hematoma
This type of hematoma occurs when the brain is forced against the inside of the skull. This can result in a collection of blood outside of the blood vessels of the brain or in between the skull and the brain. Because the brain is not meant to drain a large amount of fluid, intracranial hematoma can diminish brain tissue.
Closed Head Injury Symptoms
If you have been in a recent accident or have taken a spill lately, seek medical attention if you experience any of the following closed head injury symptoms:
- Feelings of confusion
- Trouble with balance
- Slurred speech
- Sensitivity to light and sound
- Ringing in the ears
- Changes in sleep patterns
- Feelings of weakness
- Feelings of numbness
- Memory problems
- Moments of unconsciousness
Dangers of a Closed Head Injury
A closed head injury is so dangerous because of the severe complications that could result from the TBI. A brain injury could lead to intracranial pressure and brain swelling. Victims of severe head traumas could experience:
- Nerve damage
- Cognitive disabilities
- Communication difficulties
- Personality changes
- Changes in sensory perception
- Post-concussion syndrome
If you or a loved one has suffered from a head or brain injury as a result of a slip and fall, motor vehicle collision, or construction accident, you may be entitled to substantial compensation. Brindisi, Murad and Brindisi Pearlman have been involved in the Utica and Syracuse community for decades and continue to help victims of personal injury get the representation they deserve. If you’ve been injured, call The People’s Lawyer for a free consultation today.
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